Chia seeds contain several components which may become a part of a balanced plant-rich diet, to help prevent the development of various chronic diseases.
Chia seeds contain a high content of linoleic and alpha-linolenic (ALA) fatty acids. Sixty percent of the oil in chia seeds is from these omega-3 fatty acids.
Omega-3 fatty acids have shown a beneficial effect on cardiovascular health. The fiber in chia seeds may help to lower LDL cholesterol and slow down digestion. This prevents blood sugar spikes after consuming a meal and promote a feeling of fullness.
Studies have shown that chia seeds can beneficially affect cholesterol levels, weight loss, and increased satiety.
Two tablespoons of chia seeds (20 to 30 grams) contain about 140 calories, 4 grams of protein, 11 grams of fiber, 7 grams of unsaturated fat, 18% RDA for calcium, and trace minerals including zinc and copper. They are the richest plant source of omega-3 fatty acids. Chia seeds are a complete protein, containing all nine essential amino acids that cannot be made by the body.